Lucy Ann Lobdell: The Female Hunter, 1855.
This portrait of Lucy Ann Lobdell was taken in the late 1870s, after she had decided to get a man's haircut. After having been abandoned by her husband, Lobdell began to wear men's clothing. She supported herself as a hunter, and eventually lived with another woman. Lobdell was arrested for pauperism in 1877, and after the authorities realized that she was "unsexed", rumours began to circulate that she was insane. Lobdell was admitted to the Willard Asylum for the Insane in 1880, for wearing male attire, for claiming that she was a hunter, and for threatening others and herself with violence. She was 51 years old. She died in 1912 in the Binghamton State Hospital. No evidence of violent behaviour was ever recorded in her hospital records, which span over thirty years.
Portrait from Gamwell & Tomes: Madness in America, 1995